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About Smile Houzz: Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics, Oral Surgery

An orthodontist is a specialist of dentistry who deals with both the diagnosis and treatment of crooked, misaligned, or malaligned teeth and jaws, and other orthodontic issues. It may also specialize in modifying facial development, called craniofacial orthopedics. Often, they are referred to as periodontists since most of their time is spent fixing dental problems associated with teeth and gum. Orthodontists use various techniques to correct these problems. The most common orthodontic procedures used by them include braces, appliance therapy, bite reclamation, ceramic aligners, bridges, retainers, orthodontic headgear, dental surgery, tooth implants, soft tissue procedures, bonding, veneers, bonding materials, orthodontic adjustments, laser treatments, etc. Checkout Smile Houzz: Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics, Oral Surgery for more info.

A problem called overbite affects many people, especially those who are in their teens. An overbite occurs when there is an overbite (nose closer to the ears) or if there is an underbite (nose nearer the floor). The orthodontist treats such problems by realigning the teeth and by bite reclamation, which involves the removal of the excessive edge of each tooth and the surrounding gum to make the site more balanced.

During the second year of residency in an orthodontic office, the orthodontist will attend a specially designed, four-year degree program. In this program, he or she will learn the basics of orthodontia, i.e., the scientific terminology related to bones, ligaments, tissues, and teeth; the diagnostic procedures used in the field; the physiology and behavior of the human face; and the therapeutic procedures that can be performed on the patient in his or her own home. At the end of the second year, the orthodontist graduates from his or her residency program and begins practicing in an orthodontic clinic. Many doctors find it difficult to continue practicing after completing a formal orthodontic residency program because most states require at least two years of postgraduate study before dentists can practice independently. Most states also require additional education beyond the two years of residency required by each state.